Cups to Grams Converter For Ingredients (2024)

Convert between cups and grams and find out how many grams there are in a cup of flour, sugar, butter or other baking ingredient.

On this page:

  • How many grams are in a cup?
  • How to convert cups to grams
  • Conversions for sugar (granulated)
  • Conversions for butter
  • Conversions for flour
  • Conversions for dry goods
  • Other baking ingredients

How many grams are in a cup?

The number of grams in one cup is dependent upon the ingredient, due to differing ingredient density. For flour, 1 cup equates to around 125g. For sugar, 1 cupmeasures around 200g. For butter, 1 cup equates to around 227g.

Cups to Grams Converter For Ingredients (1)

Are you a 'cup half-full' or a 'cup half-empty' kind of person? Hopefully, you're the former, because it's going to take some patience, hope and determination to getto grips with the concept that is cooking with measuring cups.

Common cup confusion

In the UK, cups have rarely been used in recipes since the 1960s. If it's an old UK recipe, it'll use the imperial cup (284.131ml), which is significantly more thanits more modern 250ml metric cup counterpart, now referenced in the UK as well as Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the rest of the Commonwealth.

In the US, it's 236.59ml in recipes, but 240ml on nutritional labelling. Still with me? The mess begins before you've even cracked an egg.

With all this confusion around cup sizes, weighing in grams becomes a much easier and more accurate way to cook. It also helps youensure your cake doesn't turn out somewhere between a concrete slab and a chocolate omelette. After all, depending what country your cups are from, how tightly you pack theingredient in, and whether the top is heaped or levelled, baking can become a bit of a roulette game. And cake is not something to be messed around with. Not onmy watch, brother.

We're here to help

As baking brethren, we need to stick together. So, we're being super kind and providing you with some cup to gram conversions, whichyou can find below.These conversions assume that your ingredient is being spooned into the cup and reference theUS cup (236.588). We've also included measurements for cups to ounces forgood measure (pun intended).

1 cup to grams for baking ingredients
1 CupGramsOunces
All-purpose flour125 g4.4 oz
Bread flour130 g4.6 oz
Cake flour114 g4 oz
Granulated sugar201 g7.1 oz
Powdered sugar121 g4.2 oz
Brown sugar195 g6.9 oz
Butter227 g8 oz
Sultanas160 g6.6 oz

How to convert cups to grams

Let's look at how to convert a cup measurement to grams to get you a Bake Off-worthy cake.

To calculate the grams from a recipe given in cups, it's vitally important to consider what the ingredient is. A cup of ball-bearings will weigh much morethan a cup of feathers (though both make for delicious pancake toppings, my toothless cousin tells me). Therefore, there's no single gram equivalent for a cup;salt can be as heavy as 300g, while fresh breadcrumbs would only come to 60g. It all comes down to the density of the ingredient.

To convert cups to grams, multiply your cups figure by 236.588 and again by the ingredient density (in g/ml). If your density is not in g/ml, you will need toconvert your density figure first.

grams = cups × 236.588 × ingredient density (in g/ml or g/cm³)

Let's look at an example of how to convert cups to grams (using a US cup).

Example: Mabel is baking a Victoria Sponge cake and wants to convert 3 cups of all-purpose flour to grams. She finds that her all-purpose flour has a densityof 0.529 g/cm³. Her calculation is therefore as follows:

3 × 236.588 × 0.529 = 375.5 grams.

You can use the reference tables below to assist you with converting your recipe ingredients from 1/4, 1/2, 3/4 cups to grams, or vice-versa. Note that wealso have other tools to help you convert grams to tablespoons, teaspoons andmilliliters.

Weighing scales at the ready, let's go through the most common baking ingredients in turn...

How much is 1 cup of sugar in grams?

One cup of granulated sugar measures around 200 grams or 7.1 ounces. One cup of powdered sugar weighs around 121 grams or 4.2 ounces.

Cups to grams for white sugar (granulated)
CupsGramsOunces
1/4 cup50 g1.8 oz
1/3 cup67 g2.4 oz
1/2 cup101 g3.5 oz
2/3 cup134 g4.7 oz
3/4 cup151 g5.3 oz
1 cup201 g7.1 oz

How much is 1 cup of butter in grams?

One cup of butter measures around 227 grams or 8 ounces. Half a cup of butter weighs around 114 grams or 4 ounces.

Cups to grams for butter
CupsGramsOunces
1/4 cup57 g2 oz
1/3 cup76 g2.7 oz
1/2 cup114 g4 oz
2/3 cup151 g5.3 oz
3/4 cup170 g6 oz
1 cup227 g8 oz

How much is 1 cup of flour in grams?

One cup of all-purpose flour measures around 125 grams or 4.4 ounces. One cup of bread flour weighs around 130 grams or 4.6 ounces.

Cups to Grams Converter For Ingredients (2)

Cups to grams for flour (all-purpose)
CupsGramsOunces
1/8 cup (2 tbsp)16 g0.6 oz
1/4 cup31 g1.1 oz
1/3 cup42 g1.5 oz
1/2 cup63 g2.2 oz
2/3 cup83 g2.9 oz
3/4 cup94 g3.3 oz
1 cup125 g4.4 oz
Cups to grams for bread flour
CupsGramsOunces
1/4 cup33 g1.1 oz
1/3 cup43 g1.5 oz
1/2 cup65 g2.3 oz
2/3 cup87 g3.1 oz
3/4 cup98 g3.4 oz
1 cup130 g4.6 oz
Cups to grams for dry goods
CupsGramsOunces
1/8 cup (2 tbsp)16 g0.6 oz
1/4 cup32 g1.1 oz
1/3 cup42 g1.5 oz
1/2 cup64 g2.2 oz
2/3 cup85 g3 oz
3/4 cup95 g3.4 oz
1 cup127 g4.5 oz

Other baking ingredients

Ingredient1 Cup1/2 Cup1/3 Cup
Cake flour114 g72 g38 g
Honey336 g167 g112 g
Margarine230 g115 g76.6 g
Milk244.87 g122.44 g81.62 g
Oats102.2 g51.1 g34.1 g
Rice (uncooked)178.15 g89.1 g59.38 g
Brown sugar (packed)195 g97.5 g65 g
Powdered sugar (unsifted)120.9 g60.45 g40.3 g
Almonds132 g66 g44 g

It's worth being aware that the list of ingredient options included in the converter and reference charts are approximations, based upon ingredient densitiessourced from databases and recipe cookbooks. You can see more conversions on the baking ingredient conversions page. Forthe purposes of clarification, we reference the US cup (236.588 mL) in our reference charts above.

Calculator created by Alastair Hazell.

References

  1. Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations. Density Database Version 2.0
  2. Rose Levy Beranbaum. (1988). The Cake Bible
  3. NIST - Office of Weights and Measures. Metric Cooking Resources

Cups to Grams Converter For Ingredients (2024)
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